Print remains an extraordinarily powerful medium influencing thought, belief and culture and has given little ground to the power of other modern media. In view of the contemporary competition over some of its traditional functions, it has been suggested by some observers that printing is destined to disappear. On the other hand, this point of view has been condemned as unrealistic by those who argue that information in printed form offers particular advantages different from those of other audio or visual media. Printed texts and documents, though they require a longer time to be produced, are permanently available and so permit reflection. Print is directly accessible. Far from being fated to disappear, printing seems more likely to experience an evolution marked by its increasingly close association with these various other means by which information is placed at the disposal of humankind.
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McMurtrie, DC 1943, The book: the story of printing and bookmaking, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Steinberg, SH 1961, Five hundred years of printing, Penguin, Harmondsworth, UK.
Websites for Images:
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‘Columbian press’ [image] 1813, from The international printing museum, viewed 19 September 2010, http://www.printmuseum.org/museum/collection/
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‘Johannes Gutenberg (c.1397- 1468) checking a letterpress proof’ [image] 2010, from designing with type.com, viewed 26 August 2010, http://www.designingwithtype.com/5/ref_typsetting.php
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‘Type specimen from Johann Erasmus Luther’s typefoundary’ [image] 1678, from Library of the Gutenberg museum, viewed 04 September 2010, http://ilovetypography.com/2010/03/01/the-library-of-the-gutenberg-museum/
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Articles from Online Encyclopaedias:
‘papermaking’ 2010, Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica Online, viewed 24 August 2010.
‘printing’ 2010, Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica Online, viewed 18 August 2010.
‘typography’ 2010, Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica Online, viewed 04 September 2010.
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‘Stanhope press’ [image] 2008, from flickr.com, viewed 08 September 2010, http://www.flickr.com/photos/7270121@N02/3066761958/